Definition: Sportsmanship – expresses an aspiration or ethos that the activity will be enjoyed for its own sake, with proper consideration for fairness, ethics, respect and fellowship for one’s competitors.
Sportsmanship typically is regarded as a component of morality in sport, comprised of three related and perhaps overlapping concepts; fair play, sportsmanship and character. Fair play refers to all participants having an equitable chance to pursue victory, acting toward others in an honest, straightforward , firm and dignified manner even when others do not play fairly. It includes respect for others including team members, opponents and officials. Character refers to disposition, values and habits that determine the way that person normally responds to desires, fears, challenges, opportunities, failures and successes. Is typically seen in polite behaviors toward others such as helping an opponent up or shaking hands after a match. An individual is believed to have a “good character” when those dispositions and habits reflect core ethical values.
Sportsmanship can be conceptualized as an enduring and relatively stable characteristic or disposition such that individuals differ in the way they are generally expected to behave in sport situations. In general sportsmanship refers to virtues such as fairness, self-control, courage and persistence and has been associated with interpersonal concepts of treating others and being treated fairly, maintaining self-control in dealing with others and respect for both authority and opponents. Five facets of sportsmanship have been identified:
- Full commitment to participation (e.g. showing up, working hard during all practices and games, acknowledging one’s mistakes and trying to improve.)
- Respect and concern for rules and officials
- Respect and concern for social conventions (e.g. shaking hands, recognizing the good performance of an opponent.)
- Respect and concern for the opponent (e.g. lending one’s equipment to the opponent, agreeing to play even if the opponent is late, not taking advantage of injured opponents.)
- Avoiding poor attitudes toward participation (e.g. not adopting a win-at-all-costs approach, not showing temper after a mistake and not competing solely for individual prizes.
The above 5 points are the criteria used in deciding the recipient for this award.